This is by far the best explanation about how the economy works.
Ray Dalio explains in this video that the economy driven by transactions.
These transactions are above all else driven by human nature, and they create 3 main forces that drive the economy.
• Number 1: Productivity growth
• Number 2: The Short term debt cycle
• and Number 3: The Long term debt cycle
If you have debt I recommend that you listen to this 31 minute video, but take into consideration that our economy is totally different than the USA economy in the sense that the Dollar is the world's reserve currency and the Rand is linked to the Dollar.